Inclusión de Panamá en la lista negra es una acción 'discriminatoria', CCIAP

07 Décembre, 2017, 01:54 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Inclusión de Panamá en la lista negra es una acción 'discriminatoria', CCIAP

La Unión Europea (UE) adopta su primera lista 'negra' de paraísos fiscales, en la que incluye a 17 países y jurisdicciones, entre ellos, el polémico Panamá.

El presidente panameño, Juan Carlos Varela, informó que llamó a consultas a su embajador en Brusela, Darío Chirú, tras tildar de "totalmente injusto" que la UE haya incluido a Panamá en la lista negra, "sobre todo con todas las leyes que se han aprobado y la transparencia que hay en nuestro sistema financiero".

Se trata de Samoa Americana, Bahréin, Barbados, Granada, Guam, Corea del Sur, Macau, Islas Marshall, Mongolia, Namibia, Palau, Panamá, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Trinidad y Tobago, Túnez y los Emiratos Árabes Unidos, indicó Bruno Le Maire.

La inclusión de la cuarta economía de Asia responde a que tiene "regímenes fiscales preferenciales dañinos y no se comprometió a enmendarlos o abolirlos antes del 31 de diciembre de 2018" según el documento emitido por el Ecofin.

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'No es justo que un país tan comprometido con la lucha contra el terrorismo y la transparencia financiera sea aislado o castigado con este tipo de sanciones', expresó el mandatario en declaraciones a la prensa y recordó que este fenómeno fue heredado de gobiernos anteriores.

Sobre la lista "gris" con territorios que han manifestado su intención de modificar su legislación impositiva y cumplir con los criterios de transparencia y justicia fiscal de los Veintiocho, el político español explicó que esos compromisos "de alguna forma les ponen en situación diferente de los que están en la negra". "Esas imposiciones externas generan sacrificio".

Así, estarán sujetos a sanciones comunitarias y nacionales, si bien los Estados miembros no pactaron las medidas concretas que se aplicarán en cada país de la Unión Europea a las jurisdicciones, sino que han establecido una serie de medidas entre las que pueden elegir.

"Panamá en ese marco ha mostrado su disposición de hacer los cambios legislativos que haya que hacer para que este régimen preferencial siga funcionando bajo los estándares internacionales y ese tema se le comunicó a la Unión Europea y nosotros estamos sorprendidos porque incluso la información que nosotros tenemos, es que en las reuniones técnicas previas a la reunión ministerial se había mostrado conformidad con los avances de Panamá", declaró Alemán en el programa Radiografía. "La vara para medir el compromiso tiene que ser igual". El representante para Centroamérica y el Caribe de la Oficina de Naciones Unidas contra la Droga y el Delito (UNODC), el español Amado Philip de Andrés, calificó de "injusta" e "incongruente" la decisión de la UE a la luz de los esfuerzos de Panamá en los últimos años.

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