Google’s doodle remembers Apgar Score and its creator Virginia Apgar
08 Juin, 2018, 10:37 | Auteur: Yves Courtet
She is best known as the inventor of the 'Apgar score, ' a method to summarise the birth of newborns.
Doctors score each part score of zero to two, with the highest total score being 10. The scores help doctors identify whether a baby has health issues requiring extra care. The Apgar test is conducted a minute after birth, and again four minutes later, in order to judge the effectiveness of intervention. However, the number of infant deaths within the first 24 hours after birth stayed constant. She initially studied zoology, chemistry and physiology before attending Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons.
Born in New Jersey in 1909, Apgar always had a keen interest in science. Despite the USA infant mortality rate decreasing overall, a high number of infants were still dying within 24 hours of birth.
The Apgar Score checks a few of the basic functions of the body, such as heart rate, respiration, colour, muscle tone, reflex irritability and provides a score within minutes, so that a proper steps can be taken to save the life of a child. And yet, when her division was upgraded to a department, she was passed over for the chair position in favor of a male colleague.
The woman who came up with a scale to rate the health of newborn babies, Dr. She left Columbia, got a master's degree in public health from Johns Hopkins University, and began her work on genetics. The first letter of each step spells Apgar: A-P-G-A-R.
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She never married and died of cirrhosis of the liver on August 7, 1974.
Apgar's work on prevention of infant mortality was eventually recognised as she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in the US. An anesthesiologist by training, she climbed the ranks at New York's Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in the 1930s and '40s, when anesthesiology wasn't recognized as a medical specialty.
A United States postage stamp carrying her portrait was also released after her death.
Born to a musical family, the music had so much to do with her as she had to do with it. Apgra played violin and travelled with her instrument as much as she could.
She worked nearly up until her death at the age of 64.
These included fishing, stamp collecting and flying lessons in her fifties.
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