Sanofi arrête son usine de Mourenx, responsable de rejets toxiques hors norme

10 Juillet, 2018, 08:36 | Auteur: Auguste Feret
  • UIG via Getty Images     
             Dépakine l'usine Sanofi qui produit le médicament pollue plus de 190.000 fois au dessus de la norme autorisée

Sanofi a annoncé lundi soir l'arrêt immédiat de la production de son usine chimique de Mourenx (Pyrénées-Atlantiques), devant le tollé suscité par des informations de presse sur ses émissions hors norme de rejets toxiques.

Sanofi a réagi à ces accusations, reconnaissant "un problème de dépassement localisé des seuils de rejet de vapeur de solvants", mais assurant toutefois dans un communiqué que les populations n'étaient "pas exposées à des niveaux supérieurs aux seuils fixés par la réglementation".

Située dans le bassin industriel de Lacq, l'usine de Mourenx est autorisée à rejeter dans l'air cinq composés organiques volatils (bromopropane, toluène, isopropanol, valéonitrile et propène) dans la limite globale de 110 mg/m3. Cependant " il en émet en réalité 770 000 mg/m3, soit 7 000 fois plus que la norme autorisée", a encore affirmé FNE, qui fédère 3 500 associations de protection de l'environnement. Un rapport d'inspection d'avril auquel Le Monde a eu accès révèle notamment que le bromopropane, qui entre dans la composition du valproate de sodium, le principe actif de la Dépakine, a été mesuré jusqu'à 190 000 fois la norme avec un rejet en mars à plus de 380 000 mg/m alors que la valeur limite d'émission est de 2mg/m. En octobre 2017, déjà, des rejets à hauteur de 180 000 mg/m avaient été mesurés. Si ces dépassements ont été possibles c'est parce que Sanofi ne contrôlait pas ses trois colonnes (de l'usine), mais une seule.

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Sanofi indique de son côté avoir "diligenté une étude d'impact sanitaire auprès d'un organisme indépendant qui a conclu que les populations ne sont pas exposées à des niveaux supérieurs aux seuils fixés par la réglementation". Un plan daction a été engagé dans le but de les réduire "significativement".

Le groupe pharmaceutique n'aura finalement pas attendu les poursuites judiciaires pour agir. Sanofi ajoute que la période de maintenance initialement prévue du 23 juillet à la mi-août, a été anticipée de dix jours pour procéder à des analyses et des installations complémentaires.

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