Investiture et pouvoir renforcé pour Erdogan — Turquie

12 Juillet, 2018, 06:36 | Auteur: Christine Menetries
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En fin de journée, le président devrait annoncer la composition de son nouveau cabinet ministériel, qui tiendra sa première réunion vendredi, ainsi que le nom de ses vices-présidents.

Erdogan a reçu lundi au palais présidentiel à Ankara Habib El Malki, président de la Chambre des représentants qui a représenté SM le Roi Mohammed VI à la cérémonie d'investiture du président turc.

M. Erdogan a été réélu lors de l'élection présidentielle du 24 juin avec 52,5% des voix.

Ce nouveau statut, décrit par le journal d'opposition Cumhuriyet comme le "régime d'un seul homme ", fait d'Erdogan un président qui concentre une grande partie des pouvoirs.

"Les alliés occidentaux de la Turquie ont accusé le président Erdogan d'utiliser le putsch manqué de juillet 2016 comme une excuse pour sévir" contre ses opposants, rappelle le site d'information britannique.

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Par conséquent, le système parlementaire a été officiellement remplacé par le système de gouvernance présidentiel.

Il nommera également six des treize membres du Conseil des juges et procureurs (HSK), chargé de nommer et destituer le personnel du système judiciaire.

Erdogan "aura désormais le soutien institutionnel et légal pour contrôler quasiment tout", explique Ayse Ayata, professeure de Sciences politiques à l'Université technique du Moyen-Orient (Ödtü) à Ankara. Mais "avec le temps, le MHP pourrait reconsidérer sa position et formuler des exigences", comme des postes au gouvernement, des concessions ou des emplois, estime Mme Ayata. De nombreux experts craignent que cette alliance conduise à un durcissement de la politique menée par M. Erdogan, notamment sur la question kurde. Il dirige désormais la Turquie avec un gouvernement composé de 16 ministres, un Parlement sous contrôle et aucun Premier ministre. "En d'autres mots, la Turquie sera une autocratie institutionnalisée", analyse Marc Pierini chercheur à l'institut Carnegie Europe. Le président est à la fois le chef de l'Etat, de l'exécutif, des armées et du parti au pouvoir. Le chef de la diplomatie sortant Mevlut Cavusoglu a été reconduit. Marié à la fille aînée de M. Erdogan, Esra, M. Albayrak, 40 ans, occupait depuis 2015 le poste clé de ministre de l'Énergie.

Le plus pressant semble être la crise économique qui se dessine avec une inflation élevée, la dévaluation de la monnaie et un important déficit des comptes courants, en dépit d'une croissance solide.

La devise perdait encore de sa valeur sur les marchés financiers après la nomination de Berat Albayrak (3,5% lundi soir face au dollar) mais aussi la décision de Recep Tayyip Erdogan de modifier l'organisation de la Banque centrale turque (CBRT) en désignant lui-même le gouverneur et son équipe.

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