Le premier procès contre le Roundup débute aux Etats-Unis

12 Juillet, 2018, 02:56 | Auteur: Auguste Feret
  • USA le premier procès du Roundup démarre à San Francisco

"Ce n'est pas la faute à pas de chance", ce n'est pas dû à un problème "génétique", "c'est à cause de son exposition continue au Roundup et au Ranger Pro" (produit similaire de Monsanto), qu'il a vaporisés entre 2012 et 2014 sur des terrains scolaires de la ville de Benicia, en Californie (ouest), assure Me Dickens. Selon l'avocat, Dewayne Johnson aurait vaporisé le Roundup "20 à 40 fois par an, parfois des centaines de gallons aspergés en une seul fois sur les sols de l'école".

Plus de 400 fermiers, paysagistes et particuliers, dont les plaintes ont été déposées collectivement devant le juge, accusent l'herbicide de Monsanto d'être la cause de lymphomes non hodgkinien, un cancer qui naît dans les lymphocytes. Début du premier procès du genre à San Francisco ce lundi. Ce désherbant, commercialisé depuis plus de 40 ans, est sans conteste l'herbicide le plus vendu au monde.

Atteint d'un cancer en phase terminale après avoir manipulé le pesticide de Monsanto, Dewayne Johson a attaqué la firme agrochimique en justice. Le procès devrait durer au moins trois semaines à San Francisco (Californie), et pourrait coûter cher à Monsanto en termes de dommages et intérêts. Mais pour remporter la partie, et obtenir un jugement à "plusieurs millions de dollars", les avocats du plaignant vont devoir établir le lien entre le cancer de M. Johnson et l'épandage de glyphosate. "(.) Cela n'a pas causé son cancer", affirme Sandra Edwards, du cabinet Farrella, Braun and Martel, l'une des avocates de Monsanto.

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Pendant ce procès, "vous verrez beaucoup de données et de science", relève-t-elle aussi, soulignant qu'il y a eu "des études qui ont suivi pendant des années et des années des gens qui ont utilisé ces produits", sans conclure qu'ils provoquaient des cancers.

" Si M. Johnson gagne ce procès, ce sera un énorme coup porté à l'industrie des pesticides tout entière ", estime Linda Wells de l'ONG anti-pesticides " Pesticide Action Network North America ". "Plus de 800 études scientifiques, l'agence américaine pour la protection de l'environnement, des instituts chargés de la santé publique et des régulateurs dans le monde entier ont conclu que le glyphosate est sans danger d'utilisation et ne provoque pas de cancer", a fait valoir le groupe dans une déclaration écrite à l'AFP. Depuis quelques années, de vifs débats tournent autour du glyphosate: malgré de nombreuses études scientifiques, des doutes subsistent quant au caractère cancérigène de cette substance chimique controversée. Il s'appuie notamment sur les révélations des 'Monsanto Papers', le nom donné à cet ensemble de documents internes déclassifiés en mars 2017, qui ont montré les méthodes douteuses de l'entreprise pour défendre son produit-phare depuis les interrogations sur son caractère cancérigène au milieu des années 1980. Après la décision de l'Union européenne en novembre de renouveler la licence de l'herbicide pour cinq ans, le gouvernement français s'est engagé à cesser d'utiliser cette substance d'ici trois ans pour les principaux usages.

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