Easter Island’s Ancient Society Was Complex and Sophisticated, New Study Shows

15 Août, 2018, 04:39 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Statues of heads known as ‘Moais’ stand at Rano Raraku the quarry on Easter Island

You probably know Easter Island as "the place with the giant stone heads".

The theory was popularised in 2005 by Jared Diamond in his book Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive.

Study lead author Dale Simpson Jr, University of Queensland, argued the idea the Eastern Island inhabitants collapsed through intense competition may have been "overstated".

Study co-author Dr Laure Dussubieux, of The Field Museum of Natural History in the United States, said: 'For a long time, people wondered about the culture behind these very important statues. CNN reports on the "unlikely method" of examining the society via of some of the stone tools used to carve the island's famous stone figures: Researchers performed a chemical analysis on four of the statues and fragments from 17 of the roughly 1,600 basalt tools, called toki, that had been excavated.

'To me, the stone carving industry is solid evidence that there was cooperation among families and craft groups'. "The founding population, according to oral tradition, was two canoes led by the island's first chief, Hotu Matu?a", says Simpson, who is now on the faculty of the College of DuPage.

The first people arrived on Easter Island about 900 years ago. There are almost a thousand statues, many buried up to their heads due to the passage of time.

While only appearing as heads today, the statues are actually buried, full-bodied figures, representing important Rapa Nui ancestors. The largest one is over seventy feet tall.

Instead of warring tribes and an island closely resembling the Hunger Games, Easter Island was home to a sophisticated society where its people actively shared information and collaborated frequently, the researchers said. "Ancient Rapa Nui had chiefs, priests, and guilds of workers who fished, farmed, and made the moai".

China angered at new United States defence act, to assess content
In a statement on its website, the ministry said that the USA should treat investors with objectivity and fairness. The new USA measures on China come as the countries engage in an escalating trade war.

Vancouver's air quality unhealthy for sensitive groups
The Puget Sound Clean Air Agency does forecast air quality levels to return to GOOD to MODERATE by Wednesday and beyond. The CDC also has tips for how effective different types of masks can be , depending on your exposure.

'Chilling Adventures of Sabrina' Season 1 Photos Include Dark Baptism
Lucy Davis and Miranda Otto are confirmed to portray her witch-y aunts, Hilda and Zelda, respectively. No word yet on whether or not Salem will talk or still have a taste for world domination, however.

The evidence was found by analysing the chemical make-up of the tools used to create the giant statues. "There was a certain level of sociopolitical organization that was needed to carve nearly a thousand statues", Simpson said. The goal was to gain a better understanding of the dynamic between tool makers and statue carvers. "We wanted to know if people were taking material from close to where they lived".

There are at least three different sources on Easter Island that the Rapa Nui used for material to make their stone tools. The basalt quarries cover the size of two football fields.

"Basalt is a grayish rock that doesn't look like anything special, but when you look at the chemical composition of the basalt samples from different sources, you can see very subtle differences in concentrations of different elements", explains Dussubieux.

They found that numerous tools came from the same mines, suggesting a high level of cooperation. "Rock from each source is different because of the geology of each site".

"The majority of the toki [a type of tool] came from one quarry complex - once the people found the quarry they liked, they stayed with it", says Simpson. "That's why they were so successful-they were working together".

This contrasts with the idea that the residents ran out of resources and fought amongst themselves, the researchers said. "There's so much mystery around Easter Island, because it's so isolated, but on the island, people were, and still are, interacting in huge amounts", says Simpson. But later on, it is believed that the arrival of colonists and the institution of slavery decimated the population. "There are thousands of Rapa Nui people alive today-the society isn't gone", Simpson explains.

But the researchers also urge caution and believe that this study is just the beginning, laying the groundwork for more research.

Conseillé:

  • Bitcoin's Price Falls Below $6K to Near 2018 Low

    Bitcoin's Price Falls Below $6K to Near 2018 Low

    Five others - ethereum , bitcoin cash, EOS, litecoin, and monero - have experienced declines in excess of 80 percent. The world's most well-known cryptocurrency fell below the $6,000 threshold for a time being this morning.
    The 100's Marie Avgeropoulos arrested for felony domestic violence

    The 100's Marie Avgeropoulos arrested for felony domestic violence

    An actress who stars on The CW's post-apocalyptic series " The 100 " has reportedly been arrested on charges of domestic violence. Marie Avgeropoulos speaks onstage at Comic-Con International 2017 at the San Diego Convention Center on July 21, 2017.
    Un viaduc de l'autoroute A10 s'écroule à Gênes en Italie — Accident

    Un viaduc de l'autoroute A10 s'écroule à Gênes en Italie — Accident

    Et d'ajouter: "Les pompiers sont sur place pour aider les victimes, une personne a déjà été conduite dans un hôpital de Gênes ". Le ministre de l'Intérieur Matteo Salvini a annoncé quant à lui que " 200 pompiers sont à l'oeuvre pour sauver des vies".
  • Rapporter du sable de ses vacances peut coûter (très) cher — Sardaigne

    Rapporter du sable de ses vacances peut coûter (très) cher — Sardaigne

    Ce vacancier napolitain, mais résident en Grande-Bretagne, a eu une très mauvaise surprise lors de ses vacances en Sardaigne . Un Italien de 40 ans vivant en Angleterre a tenté de ramener avec lui une bouteille contenant du sable de la plage Gallura.

    The best hospitals 2018-19 honor roll

    The University of Kentucky Chandler Hospital continues to be ranked the number one regional facility in Kentucky by U.S. News and World Report, which released its Best Hospitals Rankings Tuesday.
    Usmanov would consider Everton deal

    Usmanov would consider Everton deal

    Usmanov appears ready to plough his cash into another football club after agreeing to sell his 30 per cent stake in Arsenal to Stan Kroenke.
  • Meghan Markle Blogged About Wanting To Be A Princess 4 Years Ago!

    To make matters worse, he has been airing out all of their family's dirty laundry to the tabloid press. Although at this point, it's doubtful that anything will be said.
    Hulu renews Stephen King’s Castle Rock, promises

    Hulu renews Stephen King’s Castle Rock, promises "wholly original" story next season

    Hulu confirmed the news that Castle Rock , which is produced by Star Wars: The Force Awakens director JJ Abrams, will be returning for Season 2 via Twitter .
    Erdogan jure de braver les

    Erdogan jure de braver les "menaces" américaines concernant le pasteur détenu

    La devise turque connaît une érosion inexorable depuis plusieurs années, mais l'hémorragie s'est aggravée ces derniers jours. Erdogan, qui a un jour qualifié les taux d'intérêt de "père et mère de tous les maux", y est fortement hostile.
  • Kanye West denies being 'stumped' on 'Kimmel'

    Kanye West denies being 'stumped' on 'Kimmel'

    It's more about Trump's long history of racism, misogyny, and xenophobia that is what has made this so ridiculous. West sat silently, arms crossed, looking into the distance before Kimmel took a commercial break.
    BCE a tranché — Egalité dans l'héritage

    BCE a tranché — Egalité dans l'héritage

    Aujourd'hui, nous sommes face à un rapport qui concerne les femmes et les libertés individuelles. Notre référence est la Constitution et celui qui dit que notre référence est religieuse a tort.
    Maryland takes responsibility for Jordan McNair's death

    Maryland takes responsibility for Jordan McNair's death

    A report is expected by September 15, but the school has been provided preliminary findings and shared some of those in a news conference.


Populaire

MLS: Wayne Rooney fait encore des merveilles - rts.ch - International
Malgré sa star venue de Premier League, la franchise de Washington végète toujours en bas du classement de la MLS après vingt journées.

Opérée d’urgence, Paris, la fille de Michael Jackson va mieux — USA
Paris Jackson araconté sa mésaventure sur les réseaux sociaux: durant ce week-end du 12 août, la jeune femme de 20 ans a éprouvé une douleur insoutenable.

FDA approves app as a form of birth control
One Stockholm hospital launched an investigation into the app following 37 unplanned pregnancies in women who were using it. For reference, male condoms have a failure rate of 18 percent, and oral contraceptives have a failure rate of 9 percent .

NASCAR invites Fernando Alonso to race Daytona 500
Alonso will continue with McLaren for the remainder of the 2018 season, while his replacement has yet to be announced. Alonso finished second in the world championship standings three times at Ferrari and rejoined McLaren in 2015.

Un bébé meurt oublié dans une voiture en plein soleil en Espagne
Selon les débuts de l'enquête, la fillette serait décédée à cause de la chaleur qui n'a cessé de monter dans la journée. Un oubli tragique car le bébé est décédée, rapportent nos confrères espagnols d'El Pais .

GP d'Autriche: Marquez en pole
C'est toujours sur une piste sèche avec de bonnes conditions de course que le Grand Prix d'Autriche s'est clos. Marquez compte plus de 50 points d'avance sur son dauphin Rossi.

Trump campaign files arbitration complaint against Omarosa
Trump attacked Newman on Twitter Monday for releasing conversations she secretly recorded during her time in the White House. But he denied ever showing her a tape, saying: 'You've got to be bullsh*****g me.

Carson Wentz on playing in season opener: 'It’s going to be close'
But, Mayor Jim Kenney says it's not a debate in his mind - he wants to see Foles as the starter.no disrespect to Wentz. Yes, the opening matchup will be intense, but having Wentz around for the long term takes precedence.

Federal judge appointed by Trump rejects challenge to Mueller's authority
Ellis, who oversees Manafort's financial fraud case; and DC District Court Chief Judge Beryl Howell - to back up her decision. Appeals Court had made clear that that the acting attorney general had the authority to appoint a special counsel.

" Il n'y aura pas de rencontre " entre l'Iran et les Etats-Unis
Il reproche entre autres à l'Iran son soutien au régime syrien, aux rebelles au Yémen, au Hamas à Gaza et au Hezbollah libanais.