New research says dairy can help reduce heart disease risk

14 Septembre, 2018, 13:16 | Auteur: Yves Courtet
  • People who ate three portions a day of full-fat milk butter cheese or yoghurt were a quarter less likely to die early

However, a new study concluded that whole-fat milk could be healthier than we think, and we should consume it frequently.

And among of us that ate only fleshy-corpulent dairy, these who consumed about three servings per day had lower mortality rates than of us that ate now not as much as Zero.5 servings per day (3.3% versus four.four%).

PURE is a large cohort study of individuals aged 35 to 70 years enrolled in 21 countries from 5 continents.

The consumption of dairy products, particularly milk and yogurt, appears to lower the risk of all-cause mortality and major cardiovascular disease events, according to an analysis of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study.

Experts say these findings may be most important in poorer countries where dairy consumption is low.

Researchers noted that the guidelines to consume low-fat dairy are based on saturated fats on a single cardiovascular risk marker of LDL cholesterol.

More research into why dairy might be associated with lower levels of cardiovascular diseases is now needed, the authors said. The high intake group also had a lower rate of stroke (1.2% vs 2.9%) and death (3.4% vs 5.6%) than the no dairy group.

A global study has revealed that full-fat milk could actually help to avoid the risk of heart disease, in comparison to its lower fat counterparts.

According to scientists, the most useful turned out to be low-fat dairy products (2.9 portions), which reduced the likelihood of premature death 1.1%.

"Our results showed an inverse association between total dairy and mortality and major cardiovascular disease", Dehghan said.

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The PURE study has been controversial for a wide range of findings contravening conventional dietary advice, from salt to vegetable intake.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's dietary guidelines for 2015 to 2020, for instance, suggests eating fat-free or low-fat dairy in its key recommendations.

Among individual foods, the composite endpoint was lower with more than one serving per day of milk (HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.82-0.99, P=0.0529) or yogurt (0.86, 0.75-0.99, P=0.0051) but not significantly so with cheese (0.88, 0.76-1.02, P=0.1399) or butter (1.09, 95% CI 0.90-1.33, P=0.4113).

The research notes that consuming full-fat diary may have health benefits obscured by the perceived impact of saturated fats on cholesterol.

But the authors of this latest research, published in the medical journal The Lancet, argue that the consumption of dairy should not be discouraged and should perhaps even be encouraged in countries where it is generally avoided.

"We are suggesting that dairy consumption should not be discouraged", lead investigator Mahshid Dehghan, PhD (McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada), told TCTMD.

"This exclusively focuses on one single macronutrient-saturated fat-and a single risk factor, which is LDL cholesterol", said Dehghan. This includes vitamin K1, K2, calcium, magnesium, potassium, unsaturated fats and amino acids.

In an editorial, however, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, PhD (University of Hong Kong, China), and Anna Rangan, PhD (University of Sydney, Australia), argue there is not enough evidence to change the dietary guidelines with respect to dairy.

There were no noteworthy connections between myocardial infarction and dairy intake (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.71-1.11; P=0.163). While multiple weighted food records may be more accurate, they require extensive training, motivation, awareness and literacy which limits the practicality for such a large long-term study.

A new research challenges the widely held belief that those who consume less full fat are at higher risk of heart disease. "However, ideally our findings require confirmation in randomized trials evaluating the effects of increasing dairy consumption on BP, glucose, and clinical outcomes", Dehghan added.

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