Essais nucléaires: La France accusée de crimes contre l'humanité

10 Octobre, 2018, 18:08 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Plainte déposée contre la France pour crimes contre l'humanit

La France a mené des essais nucléaires dans les atolls de Mururoa et Fangataufa, d'abord dans l'atmosphère puis en sous-sol, jusqu'en 1996.

Une plainte a été déposée le 2 octobre devant la Cour pénale internationale contre la France pour crimes contre l'humanité en raison des essais nucléaires expérimentés en Polynésie, a affirmé ce mardi 9 octobre à l'ONU le dirigeant indépendantiste polynésien Oscar Temaru. " Demander des comptes à tous les présidents " " C'est avec un grand sentiment de devoir et de détermination que le 2 octobre, nous avons déposé une plainte auprès de la Cour pénale internationale pour crimes contre l'humanité.

Une annonce réalisée à l'occasion d'un entretien entre les représentants polynésiens ainsi que les membres d'une commission de l'ONU s'étant spécialisée dans les questions de décolonisation.

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"Nous le devons à toutes les personnes décédées des conséquences du colonialisme nucléaire ", a expliqué l'indépendantiste Oscar Temaru, ex-président de la Polynésie, qui a annoncé ces poursuites lors d'une réunion à l'ONU. L'archipel a été réinscrit en 2013 sur la liste des territoires non-autonomes à décoloniser, ouvrant la voie à un référendum d'autodétermination auquel Paris s'oppose.

"Pour nous, les essais nucléaires français ne sont que le résultat direct d'une colonisation. Contrairement au discours français, nous n'avons pas accepté d'accueillir ces essais, ils nous ont été imposés avec la menace directe de l'établissement d'une gouvernance militaire si nous refusions", a aussi affirmé Oscar Temaru. Pour rappel, les îles de Mururoa et de Fangataufa ont, entre 1966 et 1996, ont été le théâtre de pas moins de 193 essais nucléaires. L'ancien dirigeant dit appeler depuis 2013 à un "dialogue responsable" avec Paris sous l'égide des Nations unies mais prétend que l'Etat a "ignoré" ou "méprisé" tout appel à la discussion.

Du côté de l'actuelle direction polynésienne, le président de la collectivité d'outre-mer Edouard Fritch a assuré que son "pays ne vi [vait] nullement une situation coloniale, ni une situation d'oppression, ni une situation de confiscation de [ses] richesses naturelles par l'Etat Français". En 2010, une loi a instauré un dispositif d'indemnisation, mais il est jugé trop restrictif, selon des associations de vétérans touchés par des maladies radio-induites. Une commission parlementaire doit désormais rendre des propositions sur l'indemnisation des victimes "avant la fin de l'année". Seule une vingtaine de Polynésiens atteints de cancers avaient ainsi obtenu une indemnisation par le Comité d'indemnisation des victimes des essais nucléaires (Civen).


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