Female smokers 'face greater heart risk'

08 Novembre, 2018, 18:45 | Auteur: Yves Courtet

Carried out by researchers from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford, the new study looked at 471,998 male and female participants aged 40-69 who were taking part in UK Biobank, a large, long-term study that looks at conditions such as cardiovascular disease in United Kingdom residents.

But while men remain more likely than women to suffer an attack, incidents among women are on the rise. Although men are at far greater risk of heart attacks overall, cardiovascular disease is the biggest killer of women in the UK.

The study shows that heart attack risk associated with high blood pressure is 83 percent higher for women than men; with smoking, 55 percent higher, and with Type II diabetes, 47 percent higher.

The authors they believe their study is the first to analyse both absolute and relative differences in heart attack risk between the sexes across a range of risk factors in a general population.

The researchers, writing in the British Medical Journal, said that despite the increased risks women receive worse care.

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The researchers also investigated whether age affected the risk of heart attack, finding that additional excess risk experienced by women also persisted with ageing.

Women with type 2 diabetes, for example, are 96 per cent more likely to have a heart attack than women without.

For women with severe hypertension - high blood pressure - the risk rises by 152 per cent compared with 71 per cent for men.

Dr Sanne Peters, who co-authored the study, said: "Women, on average, are more pear-shaped and men, on average, are more apple-shaped".

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