Les internautes plus âgés partagent davantage d'infox, selon une étude

12 Janvier, 2019, 07:52 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Les internautes plus âgés partagent davantage d'infox

En scrutant les profils Facebook de 3500 Américains, ils sont parvenus à une conclusion.

Chez les 18 à 29 ans, cette proportion chute en fait à 3% seulement, alors qu'elle grimpe à 11% chez les 65 ans et plus.

Il en ressort que moins de 8,5% des gens ont partagé au moins un lien issu de l'un de ces sites. Les utilisateurs de Facebook âgés dau moins 65 ans ont partagé plus de deux fois plus de fake news que le second groupe le plus âgé, les 45 à 65 ans, et près de sept fois plus de fake news que le groupe le plus jeune (les 18 à 29 ans).

En ce qui concerne les convictions politiques, les Républicains (18%) ont partagé plus de fake news en comparaison aux Démocrates (- de 4%). En corrélant les réponses d'un questionnaire en ligne à l'historique de partage Facebook de chaque participant, entre avril et novembre 2016, les chercheurs ont d'abord constaté que le partage de fausses informations (en sachant que l'on parle ici uniquement des articles visant à tromper et ayant été invalidés par des sites de vérification) reste une pratique relativement peu fréquente.

L'enquête sur les 'fake news' et sur leur impact a été fortement accélérée par les élections présidentielles américaines de 2016. Les articles contenant des liens vers des sites Web externes renvoient à des listes de faux éditeurs dinformations créées par des journalistes et des universitaires. Nous avons trouvé des preuves que les utilisateurs les plus conservateurs étaient plus susceptibles de partager ce contenu (dont la grande majorité était orientée pro-Trump) que les autres utilisateurs de Facebook, bien que cela soit sensible au codage et fondé sur un petit nombre de répondants.

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"Aucune autre caractéristique démographique ne semble avoir un effet significatif sur le partage de fausses informations ", écrivent les auteurs de l'étude, menée par le professeur de sciences politiques Andrew Guess.

L'étude ne précise cependant pas pourquoi les seniors tombent aussi souvent dans le piège des 'fake news', mais suggère qu'ils y accordent peut-être moins d'attention que leurs compatriotes plus jeunes.

D'une part, les personnes âgées ayant découvert Internet plus tard dans leur vie que les digital natives (la génération née avec Internet), n'auraient pas les compétences numériques nécessaires pour repérer un article de presse d'une fake news.

Que pensez-vous des résultats de cette étude?

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