3,2% de croissance au Maroc en 2018 — Banque Mondiale

13 Janvier, 2019, 04:10 | Auteur: Auguste Feret
  • La Banque mondiale table sur une croissance pour l'économie marocaine à 2,9%

Par habitant, la croissance sera insuffisante pour combler l'écart de revenu avec les économies avancées pour 35 % des économies émergentes et en développement en 2019, alerte la banque. La Chine est créditée de 6,2 % cette année après 6,5 %.

3,2% de croissance du PIB en 2018 au lieu d'une prévision de 3% auparavant.

Dans la région Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord, la BM estime que la croissance s'est améliorée en 2018, pour atteindre un taux de 1,7%, grâce à l'accélération de l'activité à la fois dans les pays exportateurs et importateurs de pétrole.

La Banque mondiale a estimé, le 8 janvier, que la croissance de l'économie marocaine devrait ralentir légèrement en 2019 pour se situer à 2,9% contre 3,2% en 2018.

EN Europe, la croissance ne sera que de 1,6% cette année, contre 1,9% en 2018. Il devra être au même niveau de croissance que la Tunisie.

Le Royaume dépasserait des pays comme la Jordanie et l'Algérie (2,3% chacune). Ce dernier pays pâtirait de la diminution progressive des dépenses publiques, qui avaient connu une augmentation considérable l'année dernière. Par contre, le Maroc se placerait derrière l'Égypte (5,6%) qui reste sur lancée en termes de croissance, sous l'effet des réformes qui tendent à renforcer le climat des affaires et stimulent l'investissement et de l'amélioration de la consommation des ménages, selon la BM.

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S'agissant des pays exportateurs de pétrole, ils devraient connaître une légère amélioration de la conjoncture économique cette année.

D'après le rapport, "en dépit du ralentissement de la croissance des échanges commerciaux mondiaux et du resserrement des conditions de financement externes, des facteurs intérieurs - notamment les réformes des politiques publiques -devraient stimuler l'activité économique", a noté le rapport.

Pour la BM, "les facteurs géopolitiques, combinés à l'incertitude autour des volumes de production attendus des pays exportateurs de pétrole, pourraient provoquer l'instabilité des prix du pétrole". Ceux-ci risqueraient de souffrir d'une forte appréciation du dollar.

" La probabilité d'une récession aux Etats-Unis est très faible", rassure Franziska Ohnsorge, l'une des rédactrices du rapport et directrice du groupe " perspectives de développement " à la Banque mondiale.

Elle a souligné le fait que la Banque mondiale dispose d'une base de données regroupant les pertes de valeurs des monnaies et les chiffres de la croissance économique par pays, qui englobe les 30 à 40 dernières années.

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