Quel est le meilleur régime pour soi et pour la planète ?

18 Janvier, 2019, 02:06 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Quel est le meilleur régime pour soi et pour la planète ?

Comment nourrir sainement 10 milliards d'humains d'ici 2050 tout en préservant la planète? Outre la viande rouge, les protéines pourraient provenir de la consommation de volaille (29 g), de poisson (28 g), d'oeufs (13 g) voire de noix en tout genre (50 g), préconisent ces experts dans un rapport coréalisé par la revue médicale "The Lancet" et l'ONG Fondation EAT. 14 grammes de viande rouge, soit dix fois moins qu'un steak de taille classique.

Elle serait aussi bénéfique d'un point de vue écologique car les chercheurs rappellent qu'à l'heure actuelle " la production alimentaire mondiale menace la stabilité de notre système climatique et [nos] écosystèmes ".

Le régime planétaire permettrait alors de garantir à tous d'être en bonne santé et dans la limite des ressources que la Terre peut offrir, mais surtout, il permettrait d'éviter 11 millions de morts prématurés par an. Telle est la question à laquelle 37 scientifiques, experts dans toutes sortes de disciplines, issus de 16 pays, tentent de répondre dans un rapport publié dans The Lancet , en collaboration avec la fondation EAT qui travaille à la transformation du système alimentaire.

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L'objectif de ce régime est de trouver un équilibre parfait en matière de santé, de besoins énergétiques, et d'impact environnemental de l'agriculture.

Au niveau mondial, ce régime passe par "un doublement de la consommation d'aliments sains tels que les fruits, les légumes, les légumineuses et les noix". Ce "régime complet" pourra être adapté localement selon "la culture, la géographie et la démographie". Il est néanmoins nécessaire, selon eux, de "réduire de plus de 50% la consommation d'aliments moins sains, tels que les sucres ajoutés" et d'éviter les aliments ultratransformés. "Non seulement, il réduit la viande rouge et le lait, mais il les remplace par des éléments que beaucoup ne consomment que rarement alors, qu'ils sont très positifs pour la santé". Ensemble, ils ont donc élaboré un régime alimentaire qu'ils assurent "idéal" aussi bien pour la santé des Hommes que celle de la planète: le "Planetary Health". "Il fait des propositions extrêmes pour attirer un maximum d'attention", a réagi Alexander Anton, responsable de l'Association laitière européenne. De son côté, l'Association américaine des producteurs de porc (NPPC) juge que les auteurs du rapport devraient plutôt "appeler l'Union européenne à renoncer à son principe de précaution draconien, qui empêche l'utilisation de nouvelles technologies et de pratiques de production modernes".

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