En Afrique du Sud, l'immense défi économique du prochain président

08 Mai, 2019, 02:31 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Cyril Ramaphosa

Ces élections nationales, les sixièmes depuis l'avènement de la démocratie dans le pays en 1994, coïncident avec les 25 ans de la fin du régime de l'apartheid.

Donc, sauf énorme surprise, le parti de feu Nelson Mandela devrait retrouver sa majorité absolue sur les bancs du parlement et son patron Cyril Ramaphosa, élu par les députés, son fauteuil de chef de l'Etat. Le 31 mars 2016, la Cour constitutionnelle révèle que le président a violé la constitution en finançant la rénovation de sa résidence par l'argent du contribuable; Zuma devra ainsi rembourser près de 500 000 euros à l'Etat sud-africain. Troisième formation politique du pays, l'EFF a connu une ascension fulgurante depuis sa création il y a tout juste six ans.

A Ellis Park, un militant de l'ANC, Andrew Tyiwa, reconnaît que "les choses ont mal tourné".

Cyril Ramaphosa va-t-il parvenir à enrayer le déclin électoral de l'ANC depuis quinze ans?

À une vingtaine de kilomètres au sud-ouest d'Ellis Park, les EFF, parti de la gauche radicale ont également fait le plein dans le stade d'Orlando, au cœur du township de Soweto. "Ils pensaient qu'on était des "Mickey", maintenant ils réalisent qu'on doit être reconnus", a-t-il lancé devant des dizaines de milliers de ses sympathisants survoltés.

Plusieurs lots de Bonduelle rappelés après la découverte de morceaux de verre
Bonduelle appelle ainsi les consommateurs à détruire ou à ramener rapidement ces poêlées en magasin. Ils sont en outre identifiés par cinq numéros de marquage différents: L21195173...

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Pour ce qui est des élections législatives, il est question de choisir les 400 membres de l'Assemblée nationale.

Du pain béni pour le principal parti d'opposition, l'Alliance démocratique (DA), qui n'a pas manqué d'énumérer les échecs du gouvernement tout au long de sa campagne. Selon les sondages, l'ANC semble menacé dans le Gauteng, la province de Johannesburg et Pretoria.

Les électeurs sud-africains sont attendus ce mercredi, aux urnes pour désigner les membres de l'Assemblée nationale et ceux des assemblées provinciales.

ATM a été officiellement créé par le Conseil sud-africain des églises messianiques, une des plus grandes organisations religieuses du pays.

Ses promesses semblent avoir rassuré son électorat. Son chef, Mmusi Maimane, a appelé les déçus de l'ANC à avoir "le courage" de voter pour le changement.

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