La mission habitée sur la Lune en 2024 a un nom — Nasa

15 Mai, 2019, 19:07 | Auteur: Therese Cote
  • La lune quasiment pleine dans le ciel d’Eindhoven aux Pays-Bas. Nicolas Economou  Nur

C'est l'administrateur de la Nasa, Jim Bridenstine, qui a annoncé le nouveau nom le 13 mai, lors d'une conférence téléphonique avec la presse pour décrire la rallonge budgétaire de 1,6 milliard de dollars dont la Nasa estime avoir besoin pour la prochaine année budgétaire, afin de financer le lanceur et les véhicules spatiaux dont auront besoin les astronautes pour remarcher sur la Lune. La mission Artemis a beau être moins ambitieuse que celle vers Mars, elle va néanmoins nécessiter le développement de nouvelles solutions hardware, mais aussi de nouveaux modules lunaires.

La Maison-Blanche a demandé au Congrès américain une hausse de 1,6 milliard de dollars du budget de la Nasa en 2020. Elle s'appelle désormais Artemis, déesse associée à la Lune et soeur jumelle d'Apollon (Apollo) dans la mythologie grecque. Donald Trump et son vice-président, Mike Pence, veulent "rendre sa grandeur à l'Amérique" en renvoyant des astronautes sur la Lune d'ici à 2024. Depuis la célèbre date du 21 juillet 1969, 12 hommes américains ont foulé le sol lunaire.

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Alors que le chiffre de huit milliards supplémentaires par an était évoqué, il a répondu que ce montant était "bien au-dessus de ce qui était envisagé au sein de l'agence ". "Je tiens à préciser que cet investissement supplémentaire constitue un acompte sur les efforts déployés par la NASA pour débarquer les humains sur la Lune d'ici 2024", a déclaré Jim Bridenstine. Combien coûtera la mission au total?

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