Japan has world's lowest proportion of working-age people, United Nations report says

18 Juin, 2019, 11:42 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • The more the merrier

According to the World Population Prospect released by the United Nations on Monday and analysed by TheCable, the medium-variant projection indicates that the global population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100.

India, projected to surpass China as the world's most populous country around 2027, is expected to add almost 273 million people between now and 2050 and will remain the most populated country through the end of the current century, a United Nations report said on Monday.

By 2050, it is projected that 48 countries, mainly from Europe, North America, East Asia and Southeast Asia, will have support ratios below 2.

The report predicts that by 2050, more than half the world's population will be concentrated in India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the United States. According to a study by the Berlin Institute for Population and Development, countries in eastern Africa were better able to lower their fertility rates using a combination of education and contraception.

China's population will continue to dwindle and is set to reach 1.1 billion by 2100, while India is expected to have 1.4 billion inhabitants by that time.

"The world's population is projected to grow from 7.7 billion in 2019 to 8.5 billion in 2030 (10% increase), and further to 9.7 billion in 2050 (26%) and to 10.9 billion in 2100 (42%)".

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Along those lines, the report emphasises that in 2050 about 16 per cent of the world's population will be over 65 years of age, compared with 9 per cent at present. In the same period, India is expected to add 273 million people more to its headcount.

While researchers are sounding alarm over the rapid population growth in the developing world, they also pointing to the growing number of people of 65 years old and older that are also constitute an economic burden.

"Many of the fastest growing populations are in the poorest countries, where population growth brings additional challenges", Liu Zhenmin Under-Secretary-General DESA said in a press release Monday.

The report confirmed that the world's population is growing older due to increasing life expectancy and falling fertility levels. India's current total fertility rate stands at 2.2 births per woman. By 2019 this had fallen to 2.5 births per woman and, by 2050, this is projected to decline further to 2.2 births: a fertility level of 2.1 births per woman is necessary to avoid national population decline over the long run (in the absence of immigration).

The report also focusses on out-migration as a key component of population change in countries like Bangladesh, Nepal and The Philippines - from where migrant workers are in demand.

Between 2010 and 2020, it said 14 countries or areas will see a net inflow of more than one million migrants while 10 countries will experience a similar loss.

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