UFC-Que Choisir lance une action collective contre Google — Données personnelles

29 Juin, 2019, 05:58 | Auteur: Auguste Feret
  • En France 27,7 millions d’utilisateurs ont un compte Google

Ils sortent l'artillerie lourde contre le géant du Web.

L'association de consommateurs a annoncé mercredi le lancement d'une action de groupe contre le géant américain devant le Tribunal de grande instance de Paris. 20 Minutes vous explique tout. Après la sanction administrative, l'UFC-Que Choisir cherche à obtenir une réparation pour les consommateurs.

L'association de défense des consommateurs reproche à Google d'avoir violé le Règlement européen de protection des données (RGPD), la législation européenne qui régit l'exploitation des données personnelles. Après avoir tenté d'aboutir à un accord à l'amiable avec la firme américaine - sans succès -, l'association a lancé une action de groupe contre les sociétés Google Irlande et Google LLC.

Pour l'UFC-Que Choisir pas de doute: il y a bien violation du RGPD " C'est une violation manifeste du RGPD qui lui permet de collecter massivement des données personnelles sans que les utilisateurs puissent en avoir conscience: même immobile, un smartphone va transmettre sa géolocalisation près de 340 fois par jour ", indique l'association.

C'est une véritable atteinte à la vie privée. Une condamnation dont l'UFC-Que Choisir était d'ailleurs à l'origine.

Quelles sont les données récoltées?

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Car, une fois de plus, c'est l'utilisation d'informations à caractère privé qui est mise en cause dans cette affaire."On ne conteste pas le modèle économique de Google, mais il doit, comme les autres, se soumettre à la loi et demander très clairement aux consommateurs l'autorisation d'utiliser leurs données personnelles, ce qui est très loin d'être le cas", explique Raphaël Bartolomé, responsable de service juridique de l'association à nos confrères du quotidien Le Parisien.

" Quotidiennement, de façon permanente, des données vont être transmises à Google".

Le site Numerama a fait le calcul auquel mon mauvais esprit a immédiatement songé quand je suis tombé sur l'info: seuls 200 abonnés sont aujourd'hui effectivement associés à la procédure engagée, mais, à raison de 65,4 millions de forfaits mobiles en France, sachant que 80% de ces abonnements alimentent des smartphones ou des tablettes tournant sous Android, et même en tenant compte, très largement, des abonnements multiples, le nombre des individus potentiellement concernés oscille entre 35 à 40 millions.

"Résultat: "selon le spécialiste, les consentements sont comme " soutirés ", les courriels lus au nom d'une " amélioration de l'expérience " des utilisateurs, les téléphones géolocalisés sans cesse... "En une journée, Google va savoir à quelle heure vous vous êtes levés, à quelle heure vous êtes allés au travail, par quel moyen de transport, quels établissements vous avez été visités, pendant combien de temps vous y êtes restés", ajoute-t-elle.

Cette demande d'indemnisation constitue une première en France et en Europe, c'est un enjeu majeur de cette action.

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