Le projet de cryptomonnaie de Facebook suscite des "inquiétudes" (Powell/Fed) — USA

14 Juillet, 2019, 08:23 | Auteur: Auguste Feret
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Potentiellement, cette monnaie pourrait être "largement adoptée", étant donné les deux milliards d'utilisateurs de Facebook, a relevé Jerome Powell. Par conséquent, "en cas de problèmes associés à du blanchiment d'argent (.), ceux-ci deviendraient vite très importants à cause de la taille du réseau", s'est-il inquiété.

Le président américain Donald Trump a exprimé son mécontentement à propos du libra, la crypto-monnaie de Facebook. " Si Facebook et les autres entreprises veulent devenir des banques, elles doivent demander une nouvelle charte bancaire et être soumises à toutes les réglementations bancaires, tout comme les autres banques, nationales et internationales", poursuit Donald Trump.

Les commentaires élogieux du responsable de la banque centrale américaine, principal organisme de réglementation financière du pays, ajoutent encore aux doutes quant au projet, qui suscite déjà un scepticisme parmi les principaux décideurs politiques du monde.

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"Les crypto-monnaies non réglementées telles le libra et le bitcoin sont nettement trop volatiles et peuvent faire le jeu de la criminalité", a écrit le président américain sur Twitter. "Mais dans ce cas là, autant avoir un jeton public plutôt qu'un jeton privé car la monnaie est fondamentalement un bien commun public avec les garanties de l'autorité publique derrière", a fait valoir le gouverneur.

"La Balance soulève de nombreuses préoccupations sérieuses concernant la vie privée, le blanchiment d'argent, la protection des consommateurs et la stabilité financière", a-t-il déclaré au comité.

Il a indiqué que la Fed avait mis en place un groupe de travail pour suivre le projet et qu'elle coordonnait ses activités avec d'autres banques centrales à travers le monde.

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