UN Report Finds Genocidal Intent Sexual Violence Against Rohingya by Myanmar Army

25 Août, 2019, 00:46 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Media playback is unsupported on your device                  Media caption Myanmar Muslims

The Buddhist-majority nation has refused to recognize Rohingya as citizens or even as one of its ethnic groups, rendering them stateless, and they also face other forms of state-sanctioned discrimination.

A United Nations fact-finding mission on Myanmar said Thursday that the military's use of rape and other forms of sexual violence is so routine it "reflects a widespread culture of tolerance towards humiliation".

Ortagus added that Rakhine State was not the only place in Myanmar where the military committed human rights violations against the country's people over more than seventy years.

Bangladesh police said they had shot dead two Rohingya refugees during a gunfight in a refugee camp on Saturday after the pair were accused of killing a ruling party official.

The report, released in NY, charges that the genocidal intent of Myanmar's military toward the Rohingya was demonstrated "by means of killing female members of the Rohingya community, causing Rohingya women and girls serious bodily or mental harm, deliberately inflicting on the Rohingya women and girls conditions of life calculated to bring about the destruction of the Rohingya in whole or in part, and imposing measures that prevented births within the group".

"Most urgently, the United Kingdom and other governments need to address the funding shortfall - the 2019 Joint Response Plan for the Rohingya crisis is only 35 percent funded to date - and to help ensure that no refugees are repatriated to Myanmar against their will". The Tatmadaw (Myanmar military) was responsible for 82 per cent of these gang rapes, as per the report.

Myanmar's Ministry of Foreign Affairs continued the blame game Friday.

The charities have urged the Governments of Bangladesh and Myanmar to ensure that any return process be safe, voluntary and dignified, as news of the possible expedited repatriation of 3,450 Rohingya refugees circulated this week.

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Previous attempts at persuading Rohingya to return to Rakhine have failed due to opposition from the refugees.

A fresh effort for repatriation of almost 3500 Rohingyas was to begin on Thursday, with both governments vowing to get the repatriation process started this week.

Despite a 2017 pact signed by the two countries, the first repatriation efforts failed, with virtually no Rohingya agreeing to return without guarantees of safety and citizenship.

Most Rohingya in Myanmar were stripped of their citizenship in the early 1990s. Myanmar denies widespread wrongdoing and says the military campaign across hundreds of villages in northern Rakhine was in response to attacks by Rohingya insurgents.

The reality is that the refugees face a desperate humanitarian situation.

Momen came up with the comment responding to reporters on his arrival at Sylhet Osmani International Airport in the evening a day after none of the listed Rohingyas showed up for repatriation to Mynamar set for August 22.

"Why should we go back to Myanmar without an assurance of citizenship and security?" Such a demand is justified, considering how Myanmar has treated the victims.

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