Huile de palme favorisée : Édouard Philippe monte au créneau, l'Assemblée nationale revotera

16 Novembre, 2019, 23:32 | Auteur: Auguste Feret
  • Total remporte une victoire controversée à l'Assemblée nationale pour sa raffinerie de La Mède - L'Usine Energie

L'huile de palme, sujet glissant pour les députés?

Mais, "après de nombreuses discussions et mobilisation des députés LREM, nous avons obtenu en accord avec le gouvernement une deuxième délibération", a expliqué Barbara Pompili vendredi sur Twitter.

Après 24 heures de confusion, l'Assemblée nationale a finalement rejeté un amendement controversé visant à réintégrer l'huile de palme au sein de la catégorie des biocarburants qui bénéficient d'avantages fiscaux.

L'amendement voté a été cosigné par des élus MoDem, LREM et LR des Bouches-du-Rhône, où est installée la raffinerie. En effet, aucun débat n'a eu lieu dans l'hémicycle.

Dans le cadre de la précédente loi de Finances adoptée l'an dernier, les produits à base d'huile de palme ne devaient plus bénéficier à compter du 1er janvier prochain d'une exonération fiscale accordée aux biocarburants. Après que les députés ont exclu une première fois l'huile de palme de la liste des biocarburants en 2018, Total avait tenté un recours mais le Conseil constitutionnel avait débouté le groupe pétrolier, jugeant que le Parlement pouvait supprimer cet avantage fiscal.

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Dénonçant un "désastre environnemental" causé, selon elle, par la production extensive d'huile de palme, celle-ci avait affirmé: "chaque jour, des milliers d'hectares sont brûlés pour faire pousser ces palmiers, déforestant une grande partie de l'Asie du Sud-Est et de l'Afrique". Il a donc été déjugé par sa propre majorité. "L'amendement est passé en deux secondes" avec "avis défavorable du rapporteur général, favorable du gouvernement, sans aucun débat!" La vice présidente du groupe LaREM, Bénédicte Peyrol, a dit qu'il s'agissait d'"une erreur à rattraper ".

Vendredi 15 novembre 2019 - 09 h 30 - Les députés ont sauvé l'huile de palme. L'huile de palme sortira donc de la liste des biocarburants dès 2020.

"Patrick Pouyanné, PDG de Total, a souligné que la puissance publique avait été incohérente en soutenant la transformation de l'usine de La Mède en bioraffinerie et en réclamant des investissements de 200 ou 300 millions d'euros, il y a quelques années, pour ensuite renoncer" à un soutien, selon le président de la Commission des affaires économiques Roland Lescure (LREM). Ce premier vote avait suscité un tollé chez les écologistes et de nombreux députés de la majorité, qui se sont estimés floués.

La raffinerie de La Mède, l'une des plus grandes d'Europe, a démarré début juillet, employant directement 250 personnes. Selon Total, elle doit traiter 650.000 tonnes d'huiles et graisses par an et s'approvisionner en huile de palme "durable et certifiée" à hauteur de 300.000 tonnes au maximum. Huile de palme: La majorité des Européens ignorent sa présence dans les carburantsBioéthanol: Un carburant bon pour le porte-monnaie... et pour l'environnement? Mais la commission des Finances de l'Assemblée s'est réunie à la mi-journée sur ce point, le rapporteur général Joël Giraud (LREM) ayant demandé une nouvelle délibération. La seconde délibération " permettra aux parlementaires de nourrir un débat à la hauteur de l'enjeu", a expliqué l'entourage du chef du gouvernement.

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