The discovery was made by an worldwide research team from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland.
Europa, the sixth-largest of Jupiter's known moons, has always been hypothesized to have an ocean of liquid water beneath its icy surface, a theory which was supported by observations by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2013.
Then in 2012, the Hubble Space Telescope revealed evidence of water vapor over Europa's south pole, which scientists believed to be the result of plumes carrying material from beneath its surface out into space. But no one has been able to confirm the presence of water in these plumes by directly measuring the water molecule itself.
But without a space probe to make up-close observations of Europa's surface, NASA has only been able to observe the moon from Earth. "But the third - liquid water - is somewhat hard to find beyond Earth", said Lucas Paganini, a NASA planetary scientist, and also the one who led the water detection operation.
Paganini noted the necessary ingredients for life - including energy sources, liquid water, and chemicals such as oxygen, phosphorus, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur.
For instance, it helps sustain an idea, of which astronomers are quite convinced that there is a liquid water ocean, most likely twice as big as Earth's flooding underneath the moon's incredibly thick ice layer which. After confirming the presence of water, Paganini's team theorized that it may have come from the ocean-sized bodies of water beneath the surface of Europa.
MSNBC Interview With Rep Eric Swalwell Prompts #FartGate Debate
Within the wake of the FartGate , Hardball additionally put out a tweet , pinning the blame of the noise on their customized mugs. Seriously, though ... it is important to take a break from the incessant bipartisansh*t in our nation's capital and laugh.
The researchers think the source of this water is a plume, which could be coming from the buried ocean or from a reservoir of melted ice within Europa's shell.
The spacecraft scheduled for the mission will carry a bunch of cameras, spectrometers, and radars to calculate the thickness of Jupiter's moon icy surface during 45 flybys. After all, past scientific reports have already indicated that liquid water is an essential factor in the formation of alien microbial life.
This NASA artist's concept shows the Galileo spacecraft flying by Jupiter's volcanic moon Io (L) and the enormous planet (R). When researchers analyzed the magnetic disturbances more closely in 2018, they found evidence of possible plumes.
Studies using ground-based telescopes to look for water in deep space have to take into account the distorting effect of water in Earth's atmosphere.
Hopefully, these efforts will further unlock the secrets of Europa and answer the intriguing question of whether it carries the potential for life.
The forthcoming Europa Clipper mission, expected to be launched in the mid-2020s, will give scientists a close look at Europa by sampling those molecules in the atmosphere to decide on whether it is a habitable world.
Last month, Brian May ruled out the possibility of Queen playing at Glastonbury , saying, "There are lots of reasons". Sir Paul McCartney will headline the Saturday night of Glastonbury 2020, it has been confirmed.
On est nées toutes les deux le 16 août donc je pense que dans le tempérament, on a beaucoup de points communs. Et vous, aviez-vous démasqué la véritable identité d'Ecureuil? "Dans ma vie normale, je suis folle".
The study found that the Chinese student total in the United States rose 1.7 percent in the 2018-2019 academic year. U.S. consul general Robert Burgess said, "US remains the top destination for foreign students worldwide".
Manchester City are reportedly keeping tabs on Bayern Munich 's Kingsley Coman in case Leroy Sane joins the Bundesliga giants. They are unlikely to agree to Coman leaving, but that may not stop City from lining up a potential swap deal in the new year.
L'attaque a également fait 29 blessés parmi les militaires et 17 morts parmi les assaillants , a ajouté le porte-parole. Quant aux suspects qui ont été interpellés lors de ces combats, ils sont entre les mains des forces nigériennes.
FT reports the unnamed music streamer may debut next month in India , Indonesia and Brazil before opening in the United States. The TikTok service now has around 1 billion users around the globe, with 80 million downloads in the United States alone.
Black Widow will see Natasha teaming up with Florence Pugh's Yelena Belova, the second Black Widow from the modern comics. Speaking of Florence, the Little Women star will be essaying the role of Nat's sister Yelena Belova in Black Widow .
Caitlyn is father to Kendall and Kylie Jenner, and was step-father to Kourtney, Kim, Khloé and Rob Kardashian for over a decade. "I thought we were going to have to wait until the end of week one at least for such golden chat!" he joked.
Sydney's air quality is now worse than that of notoriously polluted cities such as Bangkok, Shanghai and Chengdu. Poor air quality alerts have been issued and residents are urged to stay inside with windows and doors shut.
Aouchiche veut des garanties — PSG
Milieu de terrain jugé comme très prometteur, le Parisien a brillé avec l'Equipe de France lors de la Coupe du monde U17. Au PSG de montrer qu'il a bien l'intention de s'appuyer pleinement sur son centre de formation.
UK government, military covered up war crimes
The independent Service Prosecuting Authority decided not to prosecute any of the cases referred to it. None of the cases investigated by IHAT or Operation Northmoor resulted in a prosecution.
US, S.Korea disagree on cost of hosting US bases
US negotiator James DeHart said the Americans broke off the talks to give the South Korean side "time to reconsider". Jeong said the United States had not raised the issue of a reduction or withdrawal of its troops.
1,000 protesters reportedly detained in Iran
That stopped the spread of online videos of the demonstrations and affected the ability of protesters to share information. Being home to the world's fourth-largest crude oil reserves, petrol in Iran is still cheaper than most other countries.
Fed chair meets with Trump at the White House
Less than 24 hours after that decision, Trump laid into Powell again, saying people were "VERY disappointed" in him and the Fed. Powell met Trump in February, and in each of the three following months the two had a brief telephone conversation.