Saudi Aramco réalise la plus grosse introduction en Bourse de l'histoire

08 Décembre, 2019, 01:24 | Auteur: Auguste Feret
  • Le géant pétrolier Aramco doit entrer en Bourse à la mi-décembre 2019.                  REUTERS  Hamad I Mohammed

Un signe de l'introduction en bourse de Saudi Aramco est vu lors d'une conférence de presse de la compagnie pétrolière nationale au centre de conférences Plaza à Dhahran, en Arabie Saoudite, le 3 novembre 2019.

Mais l'opération pourrait néanmoins décevoir les attentes du royaume, qui a dû revoir ses ambitions à la baisse avec une valorisation de l'entreprise comprise entre 1.600 et 1.700 milliards de dollars, contre quelque 2.000 milliards de dollars escomptés par les autorités.

Son entrée en Bourse est l'une des initiatives du prince héritier Mohammed ben Salmane pour financer un programme de réformes destiné à diversifier une économie pour l'heure ultra-dépendante au pétrole.

Le prix d'introduction en bourse de Saudi Aramco a été fixé à 32 riyals, soit le haut de la fourchette, a annoncé jeudi la compagnie pétrolière, qui bat ainsi le record établi par le géant chinois de l'e-commerce Alibaba, qui a levé 25 milliards de dollars (22,6 milliards d'euros) lors de son entrée à la Bourse de New York en 2014.

Le fleuron de l'économie saoudienne a indiqué avoir reçu pour un total de 119 milliards de dollars d'offres, dont 106 par des investisseurs institutionnels qui avaient jusqu'à mercredi pour faire leurs offres, soit un taux de sursouscription de 4,6 fois l'offre initiale.

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Aramco a également fait miroiter aux investisseurs locaux des promesses de dividendes plus élevés et la possibilité d'obtenir gratuitement d'autres actions s'ils conservent leurs titres un certain temps.

Certaines des familles les plus riches d'Arabie saoudite ont été poussées à investir, notamment le prince milliardaire Al-Walid ben Talal, qui faisait partie des hommes d'affaires enfermés dans l'hôtel Ritz-Carlton de Ryad pendant une vague de répression "anticorruption" de 2017. Il promet 75 milliards de dollars de dividendes en 2020.

Dans son communiqué, le mastodonte pétrolier annonce que 450 millions d'actions supplémentaires pourraient être vendues dans le cadre d'une option de surallocation, ce qui porterait le montant levé à 29,4 milliards de dollars si celle-ci est totalement exercée.

Face à une demande timide, les dirigeants d'Aramco ont annulé les plans d'une entrée en Bourse aux Etats-Unis et en Europe.

Aramco est le joyau économique de l'Arabie saoudite et produit environ 10 % du pétrole mondial, de sorte qu'acheter des titres de la société revient à faire un pari sur la hausse des prix de l'or noir.

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