Référendum d'indépendance: la Nouvelle-Calédonie choisit de rester en France

05 Novembre, 2018, 10:50 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Des danseurs traditionnels sur l’île des Pins en Nouvelle Calédonie le 2 mai 2016. STEPHANE FRANCES  ONLY FRANCE via AFP

Selon les résultats définitifs, le non à l'indépendance l'a emporté avec 56,4 % des voix contre 43,6 % pour le oui, a indiqué le Haut-Commissariat de la République en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Les sondages prédisaient une plus large victoire du non, dans une fourchette de 63 à 75%.

Emmanuel Macron a salué une "campagne responsable" et "respectueuse des points de vue adverses". Se félicitant du résultat, il a expliqué que ce maintien de l'archipel dans le giron de la métropole permettait à l'influence française de perdurer au sein de l'Océanie: "Les Calédoniens ont voté la protection française dans une zone où il faut faire porter le message de la France et de la francophonie".

Sur les traces de Jean-Marie TjibaouA 23h35, France Ô propose un autre documentaire sur la Nouvelle-Calédonie intitulé, Tjibaou, au nom du père, du fils et des esprits. "Je veux aussi dire la fierté pour chef de l'Etat que la majorité des Calédoniens aient choisi la France", avant d'estimer qu'il n'y avait pas "d'autres chemin que celui du dialogue".

Emmanuel Macron, président français: "Le seul vaincu est la tentation du mépris, de la division, de la violence, de la peur". Le seul vainqueur c'est le processus en faveur de la paix, qui porte la Nouvelle-Calédonie depuis 30 ans. Le scrutin a été marqué par un fort taux de participation, s'élevant, selon les derniers chiffres, à 81%.

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Le Premier ministre Édouard Philippe est attendu sur place lundi, en provenance du Vietnam.

Jean-Luc Mélenchon ne s'est lui pas exprimé à l'issue de ce référendum mais le groupe parlementaire la France insoumise, auquel il appartient, a publié un communiqué.

L'accord de Nouméa prévoyait qu'au terme d'une période de vingt ans " le transfert à la Nouvelle-Calédonie des compétences régaliennes, l'accès à un statut international de pleine responsabilité et l'organisation de la citoyenneté en nationalité " seraient soumis à référendum.

Philippe Michel, secrétaire général de Calédonie Ensemble, le principal parti non indépendantiste, "continue de penser que c'est mieux si on peut se passer d'un deuxième et d'un troisième référendum" mais qu'il ne s'opposerait pas à l'accord de Nouméa, qui est "constitutionnalisé".

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