Urgence sanitaire mondiale déclarée en République démocratique du Congo

20 Juillet, 2019, 05:23 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • L'OMS déclare Ebola une

Les participants à la réunion qui s'est tenue lundi 15 juillet à Genève, en Suisse, sur l'épidémie d'Ebola dans l'est de la RDC ont identifié le manque d'argent et l'insécurité comme facteurs qui retardent l'éradication de cette maladie.

La fièvre hémorragique a tué 1.668 personnes depuis la déclaration de l'épidémie le 1er août dernier, selon le ministère congolais de la Santé.

Le directeur général de l'OMS, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, a indiqué qu'il " était temps pour le monde de prendre acte " de l'épidémie, mais il a recommandé que les frontières de la RDC avec ses voisins (Ouganda et Rwanda notamment) restent ouvertes.

A la suite de cette alerte mondiale, les pays signataires du règlement sanitaire international devront renforcer leur surveillance du virus Ebola à l'intérieur de leurs frontières, mais aussi au niveau des aéroports et ports maritimes.

Peuplée d'un à deux millions d'habitants, posée à la frontière avec le Rwanda et voisine de l'Ouganda, Goma est un carrefour dans cette région en crise depuis 25 ans. La plupart ont été vaccinés, assurent les autorités sanitaires.

Mercredi soir, les autorités ougandaises recherchaient des personnes qui ont été en contact avec un nouveau cas confirmé d'Ebola originaire de la RDC.

Le ministre a détaillé son exigence de transparence envers les ONG et partenaires impliqués dans la riposte anti-Ebola (Unicef, MSF, Oxfam.): "Le danger à ce stade-ci c'est que plusieurs pays donateurs choisissent de donner directement certains fonds à certaines agences, à certains acteurs".

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Le risque de dissémination d'Ebola dans la région reste élevé, mais il reste faible en dehors, a affirmé le Dr Tedros.

"Malheureusement je peux vous confirmer la mort du patient en cours de route en allant à Butembo", un des foyers de l'épidémie, a déclaré à la presse le gouverneur de la province du Nord-Kivu Carly Nzanzu.

Le Comité d'urgence de l'OMS a aussi reconnu qu'il y avait une pénurie de vaccins.

Goma est bien plus connu que Beni et Butembo sur la carte des interventions humanitaires et onusiennes depuis l'épidémie de choléra qui avait décimé les réfugiés hutus rwandais fuyant les représailles du génocide des Tutsis en 1994.

L'épidémie actuelle est la dixième depuis 1976 en RDC et la deuxième plus grave dans l'histoire d'Ebola, après l'épidémie qui a frappé l'Afrique de l'Ouest en 2014-2016.

L'épidémie d'Ebola désormais une urgence sanitaire mondiale.

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