L'écrivaine américaine Toni Morrison, prix Nobel de littérature, est décédée

07 Août, 2019, 00:53 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Toni Morrison Prix Nobel de littérature afro-américaine est morte

La romancière américaine et prix Nobel de littérature Toni Morrison est décédée lundi à New York à l'âge de 88 ans des suites d'une pneumonie, a annoncé mardi sa maison d'édition, Alfred A. Knopf. Elle-même descendante d'une famille d'esclaves, l'auteure du best-seller "Beloved" a donné une visibilité littéraire aux Noirs.

Toni Morrison a exploré toute l'histoire des Noirs américains depuis leur mise en esclavage jusqu'à leur émancipation dans la société américaine actuelle.

En 1958, elle épouse Harold Morrison, un étudiant en architecture d'origine jamaïcaine, mais le quitte en 1964 et s'installe à New York avec leurs deux fils de trois ans et trois mois.

Son onzième et dernier roman, "God Help the Child" ("Délivrances", traduit de l'anglais par Christine Laferrière, 2015) racontait l'histoire d'une enfant repoussée dès sa naissance par sa mère, "mulâtre au teint blond" et "claire de peau" à cause de sa peau "noire comme la nuit".

L'ancien président américain Barack Obama l'avait décorée de la Médaille présidentielle de la Liberté en 2012. Son écriture était un défi magnifique et significatif pour notre conscience et notre imagination morale.

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Lauréate du prix Nobel de littérature en 1993, Toni Morrison était également une "mère, grand-mère et tante extrêmement dévouée, qui adorait être en compagnie de sa famille et de ses amis", a rappelé le communiqué familial.

L'une des plus grandes auteures afro-américaines s'est éteinte.

"Nous avons eu l'honneur de publier son oeuvre en France depuis 1992", rappelle l'éditeur.

Parmi les admiratrices de Toni Morrison figure l'animatrice de télévision Oprah Winfrey, personnalité incontournable de la communauté afro-américaine.

Mme Morrison avait le sens de la formule, dont celle-ci, qui est restée célèbre: S'il y a un livre que vous aimeriez lire, mais qui n'a pas encore été écrit, alors c'est votre devoir de l'écrire.

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