Elle consomme une soupe périmée et finit paralysée — Essonne

14 Septembre, 2019, 03:38 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • Illustration de soupe

La toxine botulique est générée par des bactéries. Ses effets sur la santé sont désastreux, à l'image de cette patiente " quasi totalement paralysée, avec peu d'espoir de récupération " selon une de ses amies, citée par le Parisien. Après fouille approfondie de son appartement, les enquêteurs de la répression des fraudes ont trouvé ce qui semble être à la base du problème: une soupe de légumes entamée, périmée depuis trois semaines.

Aussitôt informée, l'agence régionale de santé (ARS) alerte les autorités. Leurs craintes se sont confirmées lors de l'analyse de la soupe qui se trouvait encore dans le réfrigérateur de la victime.

Malgré ce constat, au regard de la gravité de la maladie, le mode de production de la société a été passé au crible. Les conclusions de l'enquête n'ont pas été rendues à l'heure actuelle, mais l'hypothèse la plus probable est celle de la consommation de cette soupe, à l'origine de la maladie. Cette dernière peut être libérée dans des aliments préparés, mal conservés (rupture de la chaîne du froid, produit frais périmé.). "Elle est plus puissante que le cyanure", indique la docteure Christelle Mazuet, responsable du centre national de référence Bactéries anaérobies et botulisme de l'Institut Pasteur, au Parisien. Plus la quantité de toxine botulique dans le sang est élevée, plus la maladie peut s'avérer dangereuse.

La maladie se manifeste par des troubles de la vue, des difficultés de déglutition et d'élocution, suivis par des troubles respiratoires, des troubles digestifs et une faiblesse des muscles menant à une paralysie. La prise en charge du botulisme repose principalement sur un traitement symptomatique.

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"Selon l'Institut Pasteur, " le botulisme est une affection neurologique grave provoquée par une toxine très puissante ".

Seuls deux cas de botulisme ont été recensés en Ile-de-France en 2018.

Cette bactérie qui se développe en l'absence d'oxygène est extrêmement difficile à déceler, rapporte Franceinfo. La spécialiste rappelle qu'il est important de respecter les dates limites de consommation.

Pour information, le poulet et le poisson doivent être consommé, en moyenne, le jour de l'ouverture.

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