Giant extinct primate is directly related to orangutans
16 Novembre, 2019, 19:23 | Auteur: Therese Cote
You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4.0 worldwide license. In a stunning discovery, scientists have unearthed new evidence of the so-called "original Bigfoot", a 10-foot tall ape that lived almost 2 million years ago.
"The two factors combined have helped researchers retrieve genetic materials from the enamel of the great ape fossil and make a breakthrough in the research", said Wang, whose team unearthed the fossil in 2008.
"The analysis revealed that Gigantopithecus blacki belongs to the same clade as the orangutan, its closest living relative, although its separation with the current orangutans is very distant, which explains the previous confusion in the field", said co-lead author Dr. Tomas Marques-Bonet, a scientist at the University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona.
It's the first time that such outdated genetic materials have been retrieved from warm, humid surroundings.
Welker continued: "This is interesting, because ancient remains of the supposed ancestors of our species, Homo sapiens, are also mainly found in subtropical areas, particularly for the early part of human evolution. This means that we can potentially retrieve related data on the evolutionary line resulting in people", says Frido Welker. For example, in subtropical Asia where Gigantopithecus lived, the only viable DNA previously obtained came from other animals' fossils that were no more than 10,000 years years old, according to a new study, published online today (Nov. 13) in the journal Nature. When compared to them with humans, orangutans, and primates like gorillas and chimpanzees, they were more similar to the orangutans.
"What we observed is the number of differences in the sequences", said lead study author Enrico Cappellini, an associate professor at the University of Copenhagen. Chinese and Danish scientists have successfully retrieved genetic materials from a 1.9-million-year-old fossil of Gigantopithecus blacki, a species of great ape.
'By sequencing proteins retrieved from dental enamel about two million years old, we showed it is possible to confidently reconstruct the evolutionary relationships of animal species that went extinct too far away in time for their DNA to survive till now.
The fossil evidence of Gigantopithecus was initially discovered in southern China in 1935, with dozens of teeth and a few partial jaws of the species later found in several spots in southern China, Vietnam and even India. No complete skull and no other bone from the rest of the skeleton has been found so far.
"Ancient DNA analysis was not an option, because Gigantopithecus went extinct approximately 300,000 years ago, and in the geographic area Gigantopithecus occupied no DNA older than approximately 10,000 years has been retrieved so far". Consequently, we made a decision to sequence the dental enamel proteins to reconstruct their evolutionary relationship with the great living apes, and we discovered that the orangutan is Gigantopithecus& # 39; closest living relative & # 39;, says Enrico Cappellini.
The research is mainly funded by VILLUM FONDEN, the Novo Nordisk Foundation and the programs of the International Network of Scholarships and International Training Marie Sklowowska-Curie Actions.
Also, contrary to the recession in 2008/2009, this time around the German economy is not structurally sound and healthy. The German economy contracted by 0.2% in the second quarter, so it was expected that this trend would continue.
Uber may insist that its drivers are contractors and not employees , but New Jersey isn't buying that argument. The New Jersey case is the first in which a local government has sought back taxes from Uber.
DONATE: Encourage a charitable donation to Mercury Phoenix Trust in a post → http://www.mercuryphoenixtrust.com/donate. CHALLENGE: Using the hashtag #FreddieChallenge on social channels, challenge three friends to see how they measure up.
This is his joint most goals in a calendar year for Portugal , with 13 - coming in his past seven caps - matching his 2016 total. It was the ninth hat trick with Portugal for Ronaldo , and the 55th of his career for club and nation.
He believes in the work I do on Power , so it was only a matter of making sure that that comes across. This was the second time 50 Cent threw shade at the singer/actress - who plays the role of Tasha St.
Apple Music Just Gained One of Spotify’s Greatest Features
As mentioned earlier, the feature is in the midst of being rolled out today so it may take a while to populate on your own app. All songs alongside playlists can be added to the Apple Music Library to allow users to stream them anytime they want.