2019 could be Earth’s second-hottest year, NOAA finds

20 Novembre, 2019, 21:20 | Auteur: Therese Cote
  • An annotated map showing notable climate events that occurred around the world in October 2019.
NOAA

NOAA reports that from January to October of this year, the global temperature was 0.94 degrees Celsius higher than the average of the last century, and only 0.09 centigrade below the record temperature of 2016.

As countries' climate pledges remain far from what was agreed at the Paris Agreement, this year will likely be the Earth's second or third warmest year on the calendar since humankind started collecting data on temperature since 1880, according to newly released data.

"The 10 warmest Octobers have all occurred since 2003; however, the five warmest Octobers have all occurred since 2015", NOAA wrote in a statement on its website.

According to reports, NOAA discovered that global temperatures both on land and ocean surfaces for the month of October were 1.76 degrees above the average global temperature of the 20th century.

The announcement indicates the growing influence of long-term, human-caused global warming.

Other bureaus that track global temperatures might rank this year slightly differently than NOAA will.

The last time we had temperatures below average in October is the month of October 1976, said Ahira Sanchez-Lugo, a climate expert at the National Center for Environmental Information and author NOAAs agencys new climate report was released.

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NASA, for example, interpolates temperatures across the data-sparse Arctic by assuming the temperatures region-wide are similar to their closest observation location.

"The Northern Hemisphere's October land and ocean surface temperature departure from average of +2.18 degrees Fahrenheit tied with 2015 as the warmest October on record". NOAA, on the other hand, leaves parts of the Arctic out of its data.

Pondering concerning the Arctic is warming at higher than twice the payment of the the leisure of the field, this implies NOAA's info will be a minute bit underestimating global temperatures, despite the indisputable truth that it wouldn't be by much. NASA and NOAA, alternatively, ranked October 2nd on their lists.

Human activities, namely burning fossil fuels such as coal and oil for energy, are the main contributors of greenhouse gases.

According to the organisation, the temperatures in the month of October were recorded across different parts in the North and Western Pacific Ocean, northeastern Canada alongside various parts of the South Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Indian Ocean, the Middle East, South America, and Africa. This was especially relevant this year as there was an absence of El Niño in the Pacific Ocean, a phenomenon linked with the hottest years as they increase global ocean temperatures.

The handiest articulate of anecdote chilly for the month became once in the western US, the establish much of the Rockies own been at anecdote chilly for the month.

The oceans are absorbing the vast majority of the extra heat being pumped into the climate system because of the buildup of greenhouse gases, with heat content as measured underneath the surface hitting record levels.

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