Why the Government of National Accord in Libya is illegitimate

03 Janvier, 2020, 01:16 | Auteur: Auguste Feret
  • Why the Government of National Accord in Libya is illegitimate

For more than six months the world's leading media, politicians, and experts have been watching the events in Libya. A new conflict with old participants has diverted public attention as well as clashes in Syria. Moreover, the Syrian militants are actively involved in the Libyan events. The interests of leading and regional actors clashed again: Russia, USA, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, and Qatar. Everyone has its own idea of Libya's future.
The situation is complicated by the fact that in view of the ongoing civil war Libya does not have an integral authority.

WHAT HAPPENED IN LIBYA

In July 2012, the General National Congress (GNC) was established. A key role was played by the Muslim Brotherhood organization. In 2014, the Libyan House of Representatives (better known as the Tobruk Government) appeared. Members of the organization are located in the northeastern city of Tobruk. They are protected by the National Army (LNA), led by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar. He is one of the main opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood in the region and one of the most famous fighters against terrorism. Since March 3, 2015 he is also the supreme commander of the Armed forces of Libya.

In addition to the House of Representatives, there is another power — the Libya's Government of National Accord (GNA), located in the city of Tripoli, which is surrounded by the troops of Khalifa Haftar. GNA was created with the support of the UN Security Council and recognized by Western countries. The government is headed by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj. In October 2015, Sarraj was indicated, quite by surprise, as a candidate to head a new Libyan government. Initially, he was supported not by the Libyan people, but by the UN special envoy in Libya, Bernardino Leon.

By the way, the Tobruk government controls much more territory than the Government of National Accord.

GNA AND SARRAJ ARE ILLEGITIMATE

The Government of National Accord was created in early 2016 in accordance with an important political agreement — the so-called Skhirat agreement. It was signed on December 17, 2015, when all parties of the Libyan conflict met in Morocco. According to the document, the GNA was created for a while. More precisely, it was created for a renewable period of one year. Until the elections would be held and the final constitution would be adopted.

However, the elections did not take place, and there is still no constitution. This means, the mandate of the Government of National Accord has expired. And in the beginning of 2018, the GNA had lost its legitimacy.

Fayez Sarraj has no right to speak on behalf of the Libyan people. He has actually usurped power and now he is stealing money from the Libyan oil sales.

Another paragraph of the Skhirat agreement referred that the legislative power belongs to the House of Representatives. This means that without the consent of the House of Representatives, the GNA cannot conclude a single international treaty. However, the Libya's Government of National Accord acts independently and autonomously and does not coordinate its policy with the Tobruk government.

Also, the GNA did not nominate candidates for key posts such as the Chairman of the Central Bank of Libya, the Chairman of the Libyan Investment Fund, and the Chairman of the National Oil Corporation.

And finally, according to the Skhirat agreement, the Libyan authorities are obliged to fight terrorism and illegal migration. Nevertheless, the GNA does not combat terrorists, but cooperates with them. Militants from various Islamic groups are the part of the Tripoli armed forces. The militants occupy high posts in army, police, local self-governments in rural areas. The GNA officially works with persons remaining under the UN sanctions. We are talking about terrorists who committed terrorist attacks in Libya with the support of international terrorist organizations such as ISIS.

Also, slave trade and trafficking are blossoming under the GNA. We are talking about Libyans and migrants from Africa. The most famous paramilitary organization that is part of the National Security Service of GNA is the «RADA» group. They control private prisons where conditions are tantamount to inhuman and degrading treatment. It is known that abducted people, including foreigners, have been spending many years in these prisons. There, people are tortured, killed, or sold out.

Thereby, Fayez Sarraj cannot control the situation in Tripoli. And this once again proves his illegality.

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