He said, "We had indications that H2-the familiar water we know- might be present on the sunlit side of the Moon".
While previous observations have indicated millions of tons of ice in the permanently shadowed craters of the moon's poles, a pair of studies in the journal Nature Astronomy take the availability of lunar surface water to a new level.
"Prior to the SOFIA observations, we knew there was some kind of hydration".
A new study led by NASA scientists has discovered water present on the moon's surface in places previously thought to be impossible, raising new potential for harvesting the valuable resource on manned lunar missions later this decade. "Previous observations of the Moon's surface detected some form of hydrogen, but were unable to distinguish between water and its close chemical relative, hydroxyl (OH)".
As a comparison, the researchers said the Sahara desert has 100 times the amount of water than what SOFIA detected in the lunar soil.
One possibility they said could be from micrometeorites raining down on the lunar surface, carrying small amounts of water, which may deposit the water on the lunar surface upon impact.
Scientists believe all this water on the moon came from comets, asteroids, interplanetary dust, the solar wind or even lunar volcanic eruptions. If all these zones, dubbed "micro cold traps", are filled with ice and frost, they could amount to trillions of pounds of water, Hayne tells National Geographic. But the tool they were using couldn't detect the difference between water and hydroxyl, a molecule that consists of one hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom.
Another possibility is that the water could be hidden between grains of lunar soil and sheltered from the sunlight -potentially making it a bit more accessible than water trapped in beadlike structures, they noted in a statement.
The telescope looked at the moon's Clavius Crater, which is one of the most visible moon craters from Earth, and spotted water molecules. The observations that became the basis for the significant discovery were originally just a test, she said, checking out the moon's surface while flying over Nevada en route back to California in 2018.
How it gets there and what keeps it there remain open questions, researchers said. Most of these molecules are likely stored in the voids between moon dust and other particles or locked inside glassy volcanic material.
In the same issue of Nature Astronomy, scientists published an article using theoretical models and data from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, pointing out that water can be trapped in small shadows, where temperatures are below zero, on more of the Moon than the expected. Jacob Bleacher, NASA's chief exploration scientist, said the discovery could have huge implications, as water is heavy and expensive to launch from Earth and will eventually run out.
Using its Faint Object infraRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope (FORCAST), SOFIA was able to pick up the specific wavelength unique to water molecules, at 6.1 microns, and discovered a relatively surprising concentration in sunny Clavius Crater.
SOFIA is a joint project of NASA and the German Aerospace Center.
A team of researchers led by Paul Hayne, a planetary scientist at the University of Colorado, Boulder, examined high-resolution images of the moon's surface and found that these icy patches cover an estimated 15,400 square miles, which is roughly the size of Maryland and DE combined. We hope that we have succeeded by giving you the full details and information.
Coleman claimed the tester made no attempt to reach him, and he was unaware the tester had come to his house until the next day. It withdrew the case after it was proved there had been a filing irregularity regarding the date of the first missed test.
Thomas took over the second-round lead at 14-under par before he held a one-stroke lead on Rahm entering Sunday's final round. His 7-Iron almost bounced into the cup but stopped 10 feet further and he holed it to stay ahead of Rahm and Thomas.
Most importantly right now however, previous studies have continued to link vitamin D deficiency to worse COVID symptoms . Researchers also say coronavirus patients with low vitamin D levels had more inflammatory biomarkers in their blood.
Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden will campaign Saturday at a MI city or cities to be announced later, his team says. Biden, meanwhile, has repeatedly hit Trump on the virus while presenting himself as a safer, more stable alternative.
SOFIA's next flights will continue looking for water in other sunlit locations and also during different lunar phases. If this water could be extracted, it could give astronauts traveling to the Moon and beyond access to drinking water.
Standing detached from the main reef, the massive structure is the first new reef to be discovered in the area in over 120 years. Data from the expedition will be publicly available through AusSeabed, a national Australian seabed-mapping program.
The UK government has vowed to make the crossings "unviable" and called for boats to be stopped at sea and returned to France . An investigation has been opened by the public prosecutor in Dunkirk to try to identify the cause of the sinking.
However, on Tuesday, Kaplan ruled that Trump was not acting in his official capacity when he refuted Carroll's accusation. The judge ruled that Trump's public denials of the rape allegation came outside the scope of his employment as president.
Earlier this year, HD joined forces with Chinese motorcycle maker, Zhejiang Qianjiang, which is the mother company to Benelli . Meanwhile, shares of Hero MotoCorp ended the intraday trade today at Rs 2,914.95, up 17 points, or 0.59 per cent on NSE.
Plus de 33.000 nouveaux cas positifs confirmés ont été enregistrés, en deçà du cap des 50.000 par jours atteint dimanche. Un conseiller résume ainsi les mesures: elles seront " impopulaires, mais elles seront assumées ".
Canada surpasses 10,000 deaths from COVID-19
Justin Trudeau signaled his government won't immediately set a new fiscal anchor as it rolls out more COVID-19 spending. Twenty-eight new deaths reported in Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Alberta pushed the death toll to 1,001 on Tuesday.
Djokovic beats Krajinovic in Vienna opener
He was certainly tested by his compatriot in the first game, through nearly nine minutes and two break points, but held. The US Open champion Dominic Thiem , a beneficiary of Djokovic's disqualification in NY , also progressed on home soil.
President Trump's campaign website hacked
Despite the hackers' claims, there was not immediately any indication that classified or personal information got exposed. In their message, the hackers claimed to have confidential information on Trump and his relatives.
Canadian Hurricane Centre keeping an eye on Zeta
Zeta is moving toward the northwest near 14 miles per hour (22 km/h), and this general motion is forecast to continue today. CDT (1800 UTC), the center of Tropical Storm Zeta was located near latitude 22.1 North, longitude 90.1 West.