Iran begins research, development of uranium metal

16 Janvier, 2021, 23:31 | Auteur: Anatole Charbonneau
  • File An Iranian technician walks through the Uranium Conversion Facility just outside the city of Isfahan 255 miles south of the capital Tehran Iran Saturday Feb. 3 2007

"IAEA inspectors visited the Isfahan plant where Iran has said it plans to conduct the research on January 10, and officials were informed by Tehran on January 13 that modification and installation of the relevant equipment for the mentioned R&D activities have been already started", the agency said.

Uranium metal can also be used for a nuclear bomb, however, and research on its production is specifically prohibited in the so-called Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action signed with world powers in 2015.

Abadi's announcement came as IAEA chief Rafael Mariano Grossi informed member states yesterday that Iranian officials had revealed their government was preparing assembly equipment to produce uranium metal at Isfahan's fuel plate fabrication plant.

He further said that Iran has 4 tons of uranium with a richness of 3.5 to 4 percent and the Atomic Energy Organization is scheduled to produce up to 10 tons of uranium in one year, noting that the Islamic Republic is capable of enriching uranium up to 40 or 60 percent.

Iran wants Washington to lift sanctions first.

Iran to manufacture uranium metal in latest violation of nuclear deal

The Iranian breaches have included exceeding the stockpile limit on enriched uranium, enriching beyond the permitted purity level, and using more advanced centrifuges than permitted under the deal. His administration is expected to include veterans of the Iran nuclear talks, including lead negotiator Wendy Sherman as deputy secretary of state.

However, Iran has said the move is to help design an improved type of fuel for a research reactor, the United Nations nuclear watchdog said. Some argued that 20% enrichment, production of uranium metal and eviction of nuclear inspectors not only jeopardized any effort to restore the accord but risked solidifying US sanctions. Some of those steps were required by a law passed in response to the killing of its top nuclear scientist in November, which Tehran has blamed on its arch-foe Israel.

Those who knowingly transfer 15 materials which the State Department says are used in connection with Iran's nuclear, military or ballistic missile programs, including certain types of aluminum and steel, would be subject to sanctions, he said.

Wednesday's violation raises the stakes with the incoming administration President-elect Joe Biden, who has said his government will seek to rejoin the 2015 nuclear deal if Iran ceases its violations.

On Wednesday, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the US was imposing sanctions on two organizations controlled by Iran's supreme leader.

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