USA joins talks aimed at salvaging Iran nuclear deal

07 Avril, 2021, 05:22 | Auteur: Christine Menetries
  • Iran Nuclear Talks Resume In Vienna

PressTV, an Iranian government media outlet, cited a "source close to the Iranian negotiating team" on Monday that similarly claimed, "Tehran will not accept any outcome of the Vienna meeting other than the removal of all sanctions", meaning it would not negotiate at all. It would be one of the first signs of tangible progress in efforts to return both nations to the accord, which restricted Iran's nuclear program in return for relief from USA and global sanctions.

"This success would never have been achieved if we had not stood up to the Trump regime in spite of all external and internal pressures to leave the JCPOA, and if our people had not endured this severe suffering", the spokesman asserted. "So this opportunity shouldn't be wasted", he said on Twitter, referring to the nuclear deal by an acronym. But Araghch insisted the United States must lift sanctions before Iran makes any concessions.

He said Biden has to lift all sanctions on Iran and pay compensation before any talks can begin.

Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi, who led the Iranian delegation, reiterated at the meeting of the Joint Commission that the lifting of all US sanctions was the most important measure to revive the deal.

White House spokesperson Jen Psaki suggested that the negotiations will be a hard and long process.

"I think it's important to convey to our partners. that we believe diplomacy is the best step forward", Psaki said.

Ahead of the talks, U.S. special envoy Rob Malley suggested that the United States could be open to lifting sanctions and returning to the deal, comments Iran government spokesman Ali Rabiei called "promising".

Critics have said Biden is restoring the deal with Iran in exchange for the Iranian meddling in last year's elections, which helped the Democrats.

He added that Washington is open to face-to-face talks with Tehran.

Iran's chief nuclear negotiator Abbas Araqchi echoed those comments adding that senior diplomats would meet again on Friday. "Iran is fully ready to reverse its activities and return to complete implementation of the deal immediately after it is verified sanctions are lifted". The US envoy had previously called for talks to synchronise a mutual return to the agreement. There are critical questions remaining, including how quickly Iran can dismantle the advanced centrifuges now spinning, how it will reduce its stockpile of enriched uranium, and what to do about its gains in research and development as it violated its terms of the deal. "It has failed", Malley said.

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According to its foreign ministry, the main aim of Tuesday's talks for officials in Tehran is to determine "the path of lifting sanctions".

"The root cause of the Iranian nuclear crisis is the United States unilateral withdrawal from the #JCPOA which undermined the consensus of all parties", Chinese foreign ministry official Zhao Lijian wrote on Twitter. But Iran and the USA have disagreed over Iran's demand that sanctions be lifted first.

Biden says returning to the JCPOA is the best path to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, which his administration says is a United States foreign policy priority.

But the White House is facing pressure from Republicans and some Democrats against reviving the nuclear agreement.

"The Iranian regime has held American Siamak Namazi hostage for over 2,000 days", Republican Senator Tom Cotton wrote on Twitter on Tuesday, referring to a United States citizen imprisoned in Iran.

"The Biden administration's first priority should be freeing American hostages, not offering sanctions relief to the ayatollahs".

Diplomats said Tuesday's talks could continue for several days to resolve some of the easier issues.

"But we're much better off talking about all of that if we could at least put the current nuclear issue to the side and not have to worry every day about what the latest Iranian announcement will be", Malley told NPR.

Israel and several Arab states aligned against Iran have pressed for the new talks to address issues beyond the Islamic republic's immediate progress towards a nuclear weapon, particularly its sponsorship of terrorism and proxy wars across the Middle East.

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